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Located at the downtown area of Luoyang City, Henan Province and built in 1955, Wangcheng Park covers an area of 39.77 hectares. It got its name because it is located at the relics of the site of Eastern Zhou Capital. As one of the famous relics parks in China, the largest comprehensive park in Henan Province and the largest zoo in western Henan Province, it is the main venue where successive peony fairss have been held. Integrating peony culture, history and culture, humanistic garden and natural garden, it has developed a unique landscape with “top-notch peony, majestic Zhou Tripods, Hetu Luoshu (Mystic Signs and Markings), Fengque Yinggu (Phoenix Watchtower), etc. It is really the best choice for sightseeing, culture exchange, leisure and recreation in
Luoyang.
Currently, Wangcheng Park boasts more than 110,000 peonies with an area of 55,000 sq and over 860 varieties, covering nine color schemes, i.e., red, white, pink, purple, green, blue, yellow, black and compound color, including various kinds of flower types, i.e., single-lobe, lotus, Chrysanthemum, rose, thousand-layer pavilion, golden circle, laurel type£¬ crown, embroidered ball, pavilion, etc. Besides, it features rational species arrangement for morning, noon and night, with flowering phase starting from April 1 and going down to the May Day Holiday.
Main viewing areas include: Qiaonan Peony Faerie Viewing Area, Chenxiang Pavilion Viewing Area, Top-notch Peony Viewing Area, Ziyun Tianxiangtai Viewing Area, An’xiang shenyun Viewing Area, Guosetiancheng Viewing Area, Qiaobei Fengchuan peony Viewing Area, Zaishuiyifang Peony Viewing Area and Bainian Peony Viewing Area. They are integrate with sculptures, main building, topography, body of water, hill stones and plant to collocate top-notch peonies blooming in different periods of the day with a view to forge garden landscape of different styles and ever-changing highlights of sightseeing to render tourists a visual grand banquet.
Through Chinese history, Luoyang was political, economic and cultural hub of China. Historical records and archaeology show that as early as in the Xia and the Shang Dynasties, 13 kings made Luoyang the capital in succession. For this reason, Luoyang has been reputed as “an ancient capital of thirteen dynasties”. In 1066 B.C., King Wu of the Zhou Dynasty launched an attack and overthrew the Shang Dynasty and the Zhou Dynasty was established. As Luoyi is located in Central Plain, and boasts convenient transportation, rulers of Zhou, in order to consolidate their rule, build a city called “King City”. Among emperors of the Zhou Dynasty with a history of more than 800 years, 25 of them had their capital at Luoyang. After the founding of the P.R.C., King City was located through archaeological excavation. To commemorate this famous historic city and preserve underground cultural relics, in 1955, the People’s Government of Luoyang decided to build a cultural park at the King City relics and named it “Wangcheng Park”. Through decades of unremitting efforts, it has developed into a modern park with multifunction and full-fledged facilities, which is composed of four scenic spots, namely, Peony Viewing Area, Historic and Cultural Viewing Area, Large Recreational Area and Zoo.